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Waterbird Species

Click on family name to view a listing of species in that family.  Detailed profiles are available for highlighted species. A printable list of species and population numbers can be downloaded here (requires Adobe Acrobat Reader).

Red-Breasted Merganser by Howard B. Eskin

Snow Goose by Howard B. Eskin

Families

 

Swans, Geese, Ducks (Anatidae)

Oystercatchers (Haematopodidae)

Loons (Gaviidae)

Avocets, Stilts (Recurvirostridae)

Grebes (Podicipedidae)

Snipe, Sandpipers, Phalaropes, and allies (Scolopacidae)

Albatrosses (Diomedeidae)

Gulls, Tern, and Skimmers (Laridae)

Shearwaters, Fulmars, Petrels (Procellariidae)

Auks, Murres, Puffins, Guillemots (Alcidae)

Storm-petrels (Hydrobatidae)

Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Gannets, Boobies (Sulidae)

Cuckoos, Anis (Cuculidae)

Pelicans (Pelecanidae)

Swifts (Apodidae)

Cormorants (Phalacrocoracidae)

Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)

Anhingas (Anhingidae)

Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Frigatebirds (Fregatidae)

Crows, Ravens, Jays, Magpies (Corvidae)

Herons, Bitterns, Egrets (Ardeidae)

Swallows, Martins (Hirundinidae)

Ibises, Spoonbills (Threskiornithidae)

Wrens (Troglodytidae)

Storks (Ciconiidae)

Dippers (Cinclidae)

Hawks, Osprey, Harriers, Eagles, Kites (Accipitridae)

Wagtails, Pipits (Motacillidae)

Coots, Rails (Rallidae)

Wood Warblers (Parulidae)

Limpkin (Aramidae)

Sparrows, Buntings, Towhees, Longspurs (Emberizidae)

Cranes (Gruidae)

Blackbirds, Orioles, and allies (Icteridae)

Plovers (Charadriidae)

 

Species

 
 

Swans, Geese, Ducks (Anatidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck

Dendrocygna autumnalis

   

Fulvous Whistling-Duck

Dendrocygna bicolor

   

Greater White-fronted Goose

Anser albifrons

   

Emperor Goose

Chen canagica

   

Snow Goose

Chen caerulescens

   

Ross's Goose

Chen rossii

   

Brant

Branta bernicla

   

Cackling Goose

Branta hutchinsii

   

Canada Goose

Branta canadensis

   

Trumpeter Swan

Cygnus buccinator

   

Tundra Swan

Cygnus columbianus

   

Wood Duck

Aix sponsa

   

Gadwall

Anas strepera

   

American Wigeon

Anas americana

   

American Black Duck

Anas rubripes

   

Mallard

Anas platyrhynchos

   

Mottled Duck

Anas fulvigula

   

Blue-winged Teal

Anas discors

   

Cinnamon Teal

Anas cyanoptera

   

Northern Shoveler

Anas clypeata

   

Northern Pintail

Anas acuta

   

Green-winged Teal

Anas crecca

   

Canvasback

Aythya valisineria

   

Redhead

Aythya americana

   

Ring-necked Duck

Aythya collaris

   

Greater Scaup

Aythya marila

   

Lesser Scaup

Aythya affinis

   

Steller's Eider

Polysticta stelleri

   

Spectacled Eider

Somateria fischeri

   

King Eider

Somateria spectabilis

   

Common Eider

Somateria mollissima

   

Harlequin Duck

Histrionicus histrionicus

   

Surf Scoter

Melanitta perspicillata

   

White-winged Scoter

Melanitta fusca

   

Black Scoter

Melanitta nigra

   

Long-tailed Duck

Clangula hyemalis

   

Bufflehead

Bucephala albeola

   

Common Goldeneye

Bucephala clangula

   

Barrow's Goldeneye

Bucephala islandica

   

Hooded Merganser

Lophodytes cucullatus

   

Common Merganser

Mergus merganser

   

Red-breasted Merganser

Mergus serrator

   

Ruddy Duck

Oxyura jamaicensis

 

Loons (Gaviidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Red-throated Loon

Gavia stellata

   

Arctic Loon

Gavia arctica

   

Pacific Loon

Gavia pacifica

   

Common Loon

Gavia immer

   

Yellow-billed Loon

Gavia adamsii

 

Grebes (Podicipedidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific name

   

Least Grebe

Tachybaptus dominicus

   

Pied-billed Grebe

Podilymbus podiceps

   

Horned Grebe

Podiceps auritus

   

Red-necked Grebe

Podiceps grisegena

   

Eared Grebe

Podiceps nigricollis

   

Western Grebe

Aechmophorus occidentalis

   

Clark's Grebe

Aechmophorus clarkii

 

Albatrosses (Diomedeidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Laysan Albatross

Phoebastria immutabilis

   

Black-footed Albatross

Phoebastria nigripes

   

Short-tailed Albatross

Phoebastria albatrus

 

Shearwaters, Fulmars, Petrels (Procellariidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Northern Fulmar

Fulmarus glacialis

   

Bermuda Petrel

Pterodroma cahow

   

Black-capped Petrel

Pterodroma hasitata

   

Cook's Petrel

Pterodroma cookii

   

Cory's Shearwater

Calonectris diomedea

   

Pink-footed Shearwater

Puffinus creatopus

   

Greater Shearwater

Puffinus gravis

   

Buller's Shearwater

Puffinus bulleri

   

Sooty Shearwater

Puffinus griseus

   

Short-tailed Shearwater

Puffinus tenuirostris

   

Manx Shearwater

Puffinus puffinus

   

Black-vented Shearwater

Puffinus opisthomelas

   

Audubon's Shearwater

Puffinus lherminieri

 

Storm-petrels (Hydrobatidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Wilson's Storm-Petrel

Oceanites oceanicus

   

Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel

Oceanodroma furcata

   

Leach's Storm-Petrel

Oceanodroma leucorhoa

   

Ashy Storm-Petrel

Oceanodroma homochroa

   

Band-rumped Storm-Petrel

Oceanodroma castro

   

Black Storm-Petrel

Oceanodroma melania

   

Least Storm-Petrel

Oceanodroma microsoma

 

Gannets, Boobies (Sulidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Northern Gannet

Morus bassanus

 

Pelicans (Pelecanidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

American White Pelican

Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

   

Brown Pelican

Pelecanus occidentalis

 

Cormorants (Phalacrocoracidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Brandt's Cormorant

Phalacrocorax penicillatus

   

Neotropic Cormorant

Phalacrocorax brasilianus

   

Double-crested Cormorant

Phalacrocorax auritus

   

Great Cormorant

Phalacrocorax carbo

   

Red-faced Cormorant

Phalacrocorax urile

   

Pelagic Cormorant

Phalacrocorax pelagicus

 

Anhingas (Anhingidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Anhinga

Anhinga anhinga

 

Frigatebirds (Fregatidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Magnificent Frigatebird

Fregata magnificens

 

Herons, Bitterns, Egrets (Ardeidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

American Bittern

Botaurus lentiginosus

   

Least Bittern

Ixobrychus exilis

   

Great Blue Heron

Ardea herodias

   

Great Egret

Ardea alba

   

Snowy Egret

Egretta thula

   

Little Blue Heron

Egretta caerulea

   

Tricolored Heron

Egretta tricolor

   

Reddish Egret

Egretta rufescens

   

Cattle Egret

Bubulcus ibis

   

Green Heron

Butorides virescens

   

Black-crowned Night-Heron

Nycticorax nycticorax

   

Yellow-crowned Night-Heron

Nyctanassa violacea

 

Ibises, Spoonbills (Threskiornithidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

White Ibis

Eudocimus albus

   

Glossy Ibis

Plegadis falcinellus

   

White-faced Ibis

Plegadis chihi

   

Roseate Spoonbill

Platalea ajaja

 

Storks (Ciconiidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Wood Stork

Mycteria americana

 

Hawks, Osprey, Harriers, Eagles, Kites (Accipitridae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Osprey

Pandion haliaetus

   

Snail Kite

Rostrhamus sociabilis

   

Bald Eagle

Haliaeetus leucocephalus

 

Coots, Rails (Rallidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Yellow Rail

Coturnicops noveboracensis

   

Black Rail

Laterallus jamaicensis

   

Clapper Rail

Rallus longirostris

   

King Rail

Rallus elegans

   

Virginia Rail

Rallus limicola

   

Sora

Porzana carolina

   

Purple Gallinule

Porphyrio martinica

   

Common Moorhen

Gallinula chloropus

   

American Coot

Fulica americana

 

Limpkin (Aramidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Limpkin

Aramus guarauna

 

Cranes (Gruidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Sandhill Crane

Grus canadensis

   

Whooping Crane

Grus americana

 

Plovers (Charadriidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Black-bellied Plover

Pluvialis squatarola

   

American Golden-Plover

Pluvialis dominica

   

Pacific Golden-Plover

Pluvialis fulva

   

Snowy Plover

Charadrius alexandrinus

   

Wilson's Plover

Charadrius wilsonia

   

Common Ringed Plover

Charadrius hiaticula

   

Semipalmated Plover

Charadrius semipalmatus

   

Piping Plover

Charadrius melodus

   

Killdeer

Charadrius vociferus

   

Mountain Plover

Charadrius montanus

 

Oystercatchers (Haematopodidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

American Oystercatcher

Haematopus palliatus

   

Black Oystercatcher

Haematopus bachmani

 

Avocets, Stilts (Recurvirostridae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Black-necked Stilt

Himantopus mexicanus

   

American Avocet

Recurvirostra americana

 

Snipe, Sandpipers, Phalaropes, and allies (Scolopacidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Spotted Sandpiper

Actitis macularius

   

Solitary Sandpiper

Tringa solitaria

   

Wandering Tattler

Tringa incanus

   

Greater Yellowlegs

Tringa melanoleuca

   

Willet

Tringa semipalmata

   

Lesser Yellowlegs

Tringa flavipes

   

Wood Sandpiper

Tringa glareola

   

Upland Sandpiper

Bartramia longicauda

   

Eskimo Curlew

Numenius borealis

   

Whimbrel

Numenius phaeopus

   

Bristle-thighed Curlew

Numenius tahitiensis

   

Long-billed Curlew

Numenius americanus

   

Hudsonian Godwit

Limosa haemastica

   

Bar-tailed Godwit

Limosa lapponica

   

Marbled Godwit

Limosa fedoa

   

Ruddy Turnstone

Arenaria interpres

   

Black Turnstone

Arenaria melanocephala

   

Surfbird

Aphriza virgata

   

Red Knot

Calidris canutus

   

Sanderling

Calidris alba

   

Semipalmated Sandpiper

Calidris pusilla

   

Western Sandpiper

Calidris mauri

   

Least Sandpiper

Calidris minutilla

   

White-rumped Sandpiper

Calidris fuscicollis

   

Baird's Sandpiper

Calidris bairdii

   

Pectoral Sandpiper

Calidris melanotos

   

Purple Sandpiper

Calidris maritima

   

Rock Sandpiper

Calidris ptilocnemis

   

Dunlin

Calidris alpina

   

Stilt Sandpiper

Calidris himantopus

   

Buff-breasted Sandpiper

Tryngites subruficollis

   

Short-billed Dowitcher

Limnodromus griseus

   

Long-billed Dowitcher

Limnodromus scolopaceus

   

Wilson's Snipe

Gallinago delicata

   

American Woodcock

Scolopax minor

   

Wilson's Phalarope

Phalaropus tricolor

   

Red-necked Phalarope

Phalaropus lobatus

   

Red Phalarope

Phalaropus fulicarius

 

Gulls, Tern, and Skimmers (Laridae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Laughing Gull

Larus atricilla

   

Franklin's Gull

Larus pipixcan

   

Bonaparte's Gull

Larus philadelphia

   

Heermann's Gull

Larus heermanni

   

Mew Gull

Larus canus

   

Ring-billed Gull

Larus delawarensis

   

California Gull

Larus californicus

   

Herring Gull

Larus argentatus

   

Thayer's Gull

Larus thayeri

   

Iceland Gull

Larus glaucoides

   

Yellow-footed Gull

Larus livens

   

Western Gull

Larus occidentalis

   

Glaucous-winged Gull

Larus glaucescens

   

Glaucous Gull

Larus hyperboreus

   

Great Black-backed Gull

Larus marinus

   

Sabine's Gull

Xema sabini

   

Black-legged Kittiwake

Rissa tridactyla

   

Red-legged Kittiwake

Rissa brevirostris

   

Brown Noddy

Anous stolidus

   

Sooty Tern

Onychoprion fuscatus

   

Bridled Tern

Onychoprion anaethetus

   

Aleutian Tern

Onychoprion aleuticus

   

Least Tern

Sterna antillarum

   

Gull-billed Tern

Gelochelidon nilotica

   

Caspian Tern

Hydroprogne caspia

   

Roseate Tern

Sterna dougallii

   

Common Tern

Sterna hirundo

   

Arctic Tern

Sterna paradisaea

   

Forster's Tern

Sterna forsteri

   

Royal Tern

Thalasseus maximus

   

Elegant Tern

Thalasseus elegans

   

Sandwich Tern

Thalasseus sandvicensis

   

Black Tern

Chlidonias niger

   

Black Skimmer

Rynchops niger

   

South Polar Skua

Stercorarius maccormicki

   

Pomarine Jaeger

Stercorarius pomarinus

   

Parasitic Jaeger

Stercorarius parasiticus

   

Long-tailed Jaeger

Stercorarius longicaudus

 

Auks, Murres, Puffins, Guillemots (Alcidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Dovekie

Alle alle

   

Common Murre

Uria aalge

   

Thick-billed Murre

Uria lomvia

   

Razorbill

Alca torda

   

Black Guillemot

Cepphus grylle

   

Pigeon Guillemot

Cepphus columba

   

Marbled Murrelet

Brachyramphus marmoratus

   

Kittlitz's Murrelet

Brachyramphus brevirostris

   

Xantus's Murrelet

Synthliboramphus hypoleucus

   

Craveri's Murrelet

Synthliboramphus craveri

   

Ancient Murrelet

Synthliboramphus antiquus

   

Cassin's Auklet

Ptychoramphus aleuticus

   

Parakeet Auklet

Aethia psittacula

   

Least Auklet

Aethia pusilla

   

Whiskered Auklet

Aethia pygmaea

   

Crested Auklet

Aethia cristatella

   

Rhinoceros Auklet

Cerorhinca monocerata

   

Atlantic Puffin

Fratercula arctica

   

Horned Puffin

Fratercula corniculata

   

Tufted Puffin

Fratercula cirrhata

 

Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

White-crowned Pigeon

Patagioenas leucocephala

 

Cuckoos, Anis (Cuculidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Mangrove Cuckoo

Coccyzus minor

 

Swifts (Apodidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Black Swift

Cypseloides niger

 

Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Ringed Kingfisher

Ceryle torquata

   

Belted Kingfisher

Ceryle alcyon

   

Green Kingfisher

Chloroceryle americana

 

Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Alder Flycatcher

Empidonax alnorum

   

Black Phoebe

Sayornis nigricans

   

Eastern Phoebe

Sayornis phoebe

 

Crows, Ravens, Jays, Magpies (Corvidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Northwestern Crow

Corvus caurinus

   

Fish Crow

Corvus ossifragus

 

Swallows, Martins (Hirundinidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Purple Martin

Progne subis

   

Tree Swallow

Tachycineta bicolor

   

Northern Rough-winged Swallow

Stelgidopteryx serripennis

   

Bank Swallow

Riparia riparia

 

Wrens (Troglodytidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Sedge Wren

Cistothorus platensis

   

Marsh Wren

Cistothorus palustris

 

Dippers (Cinclidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

American Dipper

Cinclus mexicanus

 

Wagtails, Pipits (Motacillidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

White Wagtail

Motacilla alba

 

Wood Warblers (Parulidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Palm Warbler

Dendroica palmarum

   

Prothonotary Warbler

Protonotaria citrea

   

Northern Waterthrush

Seiurus noveboracensis

   

Louisiana Waterthrush

Seiurus motacilla

   

Common Yellowthroat

Geothlypis trichas

 

Sparrows, Buntings, Towhees, Longspurs (Emberizidae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Le Conte's Sparrow

Ammodramus leconteii

   

Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow

Ammodramus nelsoni

   

Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed Sparrow

Ammodramus caudacutus

   

Seaside Sparrow

Ammodramus maritimus

   

Lincoln's Sparrow

Melospiza lincolnii

   

Swamp Sparrow

Melospiza georgiana

 

Blackbirds, Orioles, and allies (Icteridae)

 
 

Species Common Name

Scientific Name

   

Red-winged Blackbird

Agelaius phoeniceus

   

Tricolored Blackbird

Agelaius tricolor

   

Yellow-headed Blackbird

Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus

   

Rusty Blackbird

Euphagus carolinus

   

Boat-tailed Grackle

Quiscalus major